Japan's History

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Timeline of Japan's History
Year - BC: Period & Events in the History of Japan
35,000 Homo-sapiens migrated to the islands of what is now Japan from eastern and southeastern Asia with well established patterns of tool making and hunting.
10,000 - 300 Jomon Period: More stable living patterns arise. Skillful fishing developed. Clay figures and vessels made. Basic agriculture started. By late Jomon rice paddy farming and government structure began.
300 - 250 AD Yayoi Period: Bronze tools first appear. Permanent farming villages established. Cloth woven.
Year - AD: Period & Events in the History of Japan
250 - 710 Yamato Period: Yamato Imperial Government ruled from the modern-day Nara prefecture. It is divided into two parts based upon the arrival of Buddhism and noted below.
250 - 538 Kufon Period: Highly aristocratic society with militaristic rulers. Armor and weapons common. A critical stage in Japan's development towards a cohesive state.
538 - 710 Asuka Period: Arrival of Buddhism. Significant artistic, social and political changes.
710 - 784 Nara Period: Capital of Nara established. Efforts to document history and literature began by Imperial Court. Widespread written language.
784 - 1185 Heian Period: Peak of Japan's Imperial Court and it's art, poetry and literature. Considered a high point in Japanese culture admired by later generations.
1185 - 1333 Kamakura Period: The Kamakura Shogunate governs. Said to be the beginning of the Japanese middle ages.
1333 - 1336 Kemmu Period: Known as the Kemmu Restoration. Three years between the fall of Kamakura Shogunate and the rise of Ashikaga Shogunate.
1336 - 1573 Muromachi Period: Marked by the governance of Muromachi or Ashikaga Shogunate. The early years are known as Nanboku-cho Court period. The latter years are known as the Sengoku period. Both are noted below.
1336 - 1392 Nanboku-cho Period: Events unknown. Research needed.
1476 - 1615 Sengoku Period: Period of long civil war started in 1467 with the Onin war. The ruling authority of Ashikaga or Muromachi Shogunate was destroyed. A complete breakdown of social order followed..
1573 - 1603 Azuchi-Momoyama Period: Marked by the governance of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi. The period name comes from the names of their castles; the Azuchi castle and the Momoyama castle.

1600 - 1867

Edo Period: Beginning of the Edo or Tokugawa Shogunate.


Battle of Sekigahara
1707 Eruption of Mount Fuji
1868 - 1912 Meiji Period: Japan started modernizing and rose towards world power status.
1912 - 1926 Taisho Period: The period of "Great Righteousness". A time of liberal movement known as the Taisho Democracy.
1926 - 1989 Showa Period: The period in which Emperor Hirohito ruled Japan. The Showa period is dived into three sub-periods noted below.
1926 - 1945 Expansionism Period: With the Great Depression Japan turned to Fascism. Attempts to jump-start economy through military industry. Due to lack of natural resources, Japan felt that resource-rich colonies were needed.
1941 December, 7th - Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in an attempt to neutralize American Naval power in the Pacific region. A defining moment in history as Japan and America go to war.
1945 August, 6th - The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. It was soon followed by another on Nagasaki on August, 9th.
1945 - 1952 Occupied Japan: After it's defeat in WWII Japan was occupied by allied troops mostly consisting of US forces. Society was greatly affected during this time.
1952 - 1989 Post-occupied Japan: Japan entered a period of peace and great economic growth after enacting the Treaty of San Francisco.
1989 - Present Heisei Period: Japan's current period named by Emperor Akihito after the death of his father, Hirohito, the Showa Emperor.
Article text is from Wikipedia and licensed under terms of GFDL. The original article can be found here.
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